10 Basic Chart Patterns You Need To Know As A Trader

10 Basic Chart Patterns You Need To Know As A Trader

Chart patterns happen to be an important aspect of technical analysis. However, they need a bit of time to get accustomed to prior to being able to be used effectively. To be able to come to terms with it, here are 10 chart patterns which a trader should get used to:

A chart pattern refers to a shape within a price chart which makes it easier to suggest how the prices might move on the basis of what they did in the past. Chart patterns are the basis of technical analysis that demand a trader be aware of precisely what they’re seeing and exactly what they want. Visit fx exchange

Types of chart patterns

Chart patterns largely can be divided into three categories: continuation patterns, reversal patterns, and bilateral patterns.

  • A continuation pattern tells us that an ongoing trend may carry on
  • Reversal chart patterns reveal that a trend might move in another direction
  • Bilateral chart patterns allow traders to be aware that the rates might move in either way – which implies high market volatility.

Each of these patterns can be useful for taking a position with CFDs. This is so as CFDs allow you to go short as well as long, which implies that you’ll be able to speculate on markets that fall and rise. You might even choose to go short in a bearish reversal or continuation, or long while being in a bullish reversal or continuation. How this would pan out would rely on the pattern and the market analysis you’ve done.

Head and shoulders

Head and shoulders refer to a chart pattern where a massive peak also comes with a relatively smaller peak on either side of it. Traders assess head and shoulders patterns to speculate a bullish-to-bearish reversal.

Generally, the first and third peak tend to be relatively smaller than the second, however, they might all go back to the same level of support, which is otherwise called the ‘neckline’. As soon as the third peak goes back to the support level, there are strong chances of it breaking out into a bearish downtrend.

Double top

A double top refers to another pattern that traders use to highlight trend reversals. Generally, an asset’s price may reach a peak, prior to retracing back to a support level. It might then go up again prior to going back reversing back permanently against an ongoing trend.

Double bottom

A double-bottom chart pattern refers to a selling period that leads to a drop in the asset’s rate and it ends up going further below the support level. Ultimately, the trend reverses to start an upward movement since the market gets more bullish.

A double bottom refers to a bullish reversal pattern as it marks the end of a downtrend and a gradual move toward an uptrend.

Rounding bottom

A rounding bottom chart pattern may indicate a continuation or a reversal. For example, in an uptrend, an asset’s price could take a hit again prior to increasing yet again. It will be known as a  bullish continuation.

Traders may attempt to make the most of this pattern by buying halfway around the bottom where rates are low. It helps in cashing on the continuation as it breaks over the resistance level.

Cup and handle

The cup and handle pattern refers to a bullish continuation pattern which can be used to indicate a bearish market sentiment prior to the overall trend ultimately moving in a bullish motion. The cup looks similar to a rounding bottom chart pattern while the handle is similar to a wedge pattern. In continuation to the rounding bottom, the asset price might enter a temporary retracement called the handle since this retracement is limited within two parallel lines on the price graph. The asset gradually reverses out of the handle and carries on with the overall bullish trend.


Wedges form when the price of an asset tightens between two sloping trend lines. Wedges have two types: rising and falling.

A rising wedge can be indicated with a trend line between two upwardly slanted lines of support and resistance. In this particular scenario, the support line tends to be steeper than the resistance line. It is a pattern that generally indicates that an asset’s price may gradually have a permanent decline as indicated when it breaks through the support level.

A falling wedge takes place between two downwardly sloping levels. The line of resistance in this scenario happens to be steeper than the support. A falling wedge happens to be more indicative of an asset’s price which may rise and break through the level of resistance.

Pennant or flags

Pennant patterns, or flags, are formed when an asset experiences a period of upward movement as a consequence of consolidation. Typically, there may be a solid increase in the early stages of the trend, prior to it going into a series of smaller upward and downward movements.

Though a  pennant might appear to be similar to a wedge pattern or a triangle pattern, one should take into account that wedges are narrower than pennants or triangles. In addition to this, wedges differ from pennants since a wedge might always be ascending or descending, but a pennant is always horizontal.

Ascending triangle

The ascending triangle refers to a bullish continuation pattern which indicates that an uptrend may continue. Ascending triangles might be mapped out on the charts by placing a horizontal line along the swing highs which would stand for resistance and then forming an ascending trend line along the swing lows which would represent the support. Know more global leader in forex

Descending triangle

In contrast, a descending triangle stands for a bearish continuation of a downtrend. Generally, a trader might go into a short position during a descending triangle perhaps with CFDs to try and earn a profit from a falling market.

Symmetrical triangle

The symmetrical triangle pattern may be bullish or bearish and this can be determined on the basis of the market. In either case, it generally forms as a continuation pattern that implies that the market would move in the same direction as the trend as a whole when the pattern has formed.

Use this guide to basic chart patterns to assist you as you get started!

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