Ren Explained: What It Is and How It Works

Ren Explained: What It Is and How It Works

Transferring value across blockchains has always been a cumbersome and complicated affair. From the early days of crypto, developers have been trying to make it easier for users to move their assets from one blockchain to another without having to go through the hassle of exchanging them for another cryptocurrency first.

Ren seeks to solve this problem by providing a platform that allows for the easy and seamless transfer of value between different blockchain networks. Here’s everything you need to know about Ren and how it works.

What is Ren?

Founded in 2017, Ren is a project that aims to build a decentralized network of blockchain protocols that can interact with each other in a trustless and permissionless manner. In other words, it enables the transfer of value between different blockchain networks without needing a third party or intermediary.

Ren is secure, efficient, and scalable, and it enables users to keep complete control over their data and assets. It also supports cross-chain atomic swaps, allowing users to directly swap tokens between different blockchains without having to go through an exchange. Ren crypto coin, an Ethereum-based token for transferring currencies between blockchains, powers Ren’s open protocol.

How does Ren work?

Ren uses a virtual machine to power its decentralized network and to facilitate the cross-chain transfers of value. This virtual machine, the RenVM, is a secure, distributed, and scalable platform that allows for the execution of smart contracts across different blockchain networks.


To ensure that the RenVM is secure, it uses Shamir’s Secret Sharing Scheme, a cryptography principle that breaks a secret into pieces and distributes them among a group of participants. This ensures that no single participant has access to it, and you can only reconstruct it when most participants come together.


For the RenVM to function, it needs to be powered by a network of nodes known as DarkNodes. These specialized computers run the RenVM software and help process cross-chain transactions.

DarkNodes are incentivized to participate in the network through rewards paid out in Ren’s native crypto coin, REN. They also earn a portion of the transaction fees paid by users.


To swap one cryptocurrency for another on a different blockchain, Ren uses RenBridge. This piece of software connects two blockchain networks and allows for value exchange between them.

For example, if you want to swap some Ethereum for Bitcoin, you would use a RenBridge to connect the Ethereum blockchain to the Bitcoin blockchain. After the connection of the two networks, you can exchange your ETH for BTC without going through a centralized exchange.

What are the advantages of using Ren?

Though still in its early stages, Ren has many advantages that could make it a valuable tool for those looking to transfer value between different blockchain networks.

Some of the key advantages of Ren include:


Ren is a decentralized platform not controlled by any central authority, making it censorship-resistant. It is also more secure than a centralized platform, as there is no single point of failure that hackers can exploit.

Ren is also permissionless, meaning anyone can participate in the network without a vetting process. This makes it easy for anyone to use the platform and transfer value across different blockchain networks.


The RenVM is powered by a network of DarkNodes that uses Shamir’s Secret Sharing Scheme to secure the network. This ensures that the RenVM is secure. Thus, users retain full control over their data and assets.

Plus, a public blockchain records all transactions made on the Ren network, providing an additional layer of security. This also makes Ren transparent, as all transactions are available for anyone to view.

Support DeFi apps

Ren supports DeFi applications and protocols, making it possible to build a wide range of financial applications on top of its network. This includes lending and borrowing platforms, stablecoins, and more.

Ren enables cross-chain transfers of value and links different DeFi protocols together, providing a more seamless user experience.

Fast and scalable

Ren is fast and scalable, making it suitable for many applications. It can handle thousands of transactions per second and can scale to meet the needs of a growing user base.

Plus, Ren’s use of DarkNodes enables it to process transactions quickly and efficiently without needing a centralized entity.

Final thoughts

Finding a platform to transfer value between different blockchain networks can be challenging. However, Ren provides a decentralized and secure solution that could meet the needs of those looking to move value between blockchains.

Ren is still in its early stages, and it remains to be seen how it will develop over time. However, the platform has a lot of future potential. It could revolutionize how we transfer value between different blockchain networks.

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