How Do Laptops Work Exactly? The Technology Explained

How Do Laptops Work Exactly

The first computer dates back to 1822 by Charles Babbage. This was the first mechanical computer. Computers of today have changed greatly. Now you have the choice between desktops and laptops. But how do laptops work exactly? You might wonder about this as you compare the 2.

Well, you're in luck! Read this article on how laptops work and see how they're a solid choice today!

How Do Laptops Work?

When it comes to different laptops such as Lenovo or laptops that can play games like Sims 4, they first require a power source. They can be run on their internal battery until they'll need to be plugged in.

Hard drives, graphics cards, motherboards, memory sticks, and processors can all form a laptop. As time goes on, manufacturers try to reduce the overall size of laptops.

The great part about laptops is that they require less power in order to operate them. As you pick out a laptop for your business or personal needs, you'll want to think about the overall design, size, and how long the battery life it has.

While laptops use less power and are quieter than desktops, they tend to cost more. As time goes on, the price is starting to get closer.

Understanding the Components of Laptops and Desktops

While taking a look at laptop technology, you'll notice that they're similar to desktops. They both have software, hardware, and an operating system.

How they're different is how the components fit together. A laptop's screen is a part of the unit, as is its keyboard.

Since a laptop is smaller, it doesn't have as much room for air circulation. Whereas, a desktop has a hard drive, motherboard, and more within a large case.

The keyboard and monitor connect wirelessly. Laptops tend to cost more since they have to produce less heat than desktops, need to fit into a compact space, and conserve power.

Understanding Operating Systems

Operating systems are the part of your computer that control the basic parts of processing, input, storage, and output. In the operating system, you have the Basic Input Output System.

This is what links the hardware and the operating system software. It varies from machine to machine depending on the hardware configuration.

Back when computers were first invented, all computers were different in the code that they used, and how they ran. If you had a program for one computer, it didn't mean that it'd work for another.

Today, if you have an operating system, you can make it where it'll work on any machine. As long as you write applications that'll work with the operating system, then you're good.

What’s Inside a Laptop?

Your laptop has a hard drive, processor, screen, external ports, networking, optical drive, and a video card. Networking is when an ethernet cable has you connect to a network. Today, you can enjoy browsing on your laptop right from the comfort of your sofa instead of having to sit right near the internet.

Video cards are what give your laptop graphics. If you have a video card, it'll take some of the weight off of the processor.

This is important for when you're playing video games, watching movies, or looking at pictures. Some will even have their own memory system, this will give you a more seamless performance.

External Connectors

Your computer allows you to connect to flash drives, webcams, and others. You'll have the option of a wireless or wired option.

You'll have the USB (universal serial bus). You'll need to wait while your machine downloads a driver.

A USB also provides you with power to your external hard drive. You have the ground power connectors and the +5 volt.

The Different Types of Laptops

From gaming to ultrabooks, you have options when it comes to your laptops. If you're going to be doing much gaming on your laptop, then you'll need to make sure that it can handle that amount.

Gaming Laptops

You can find a laptop that's made for playing video games. They'll come with a graphics card in order to handle the different gaming and non-gaming applications that you'll have.

Meanwhile, other laptops will have integrated GPUs. They'll be on the same board as the central processor.

Gaming laptops won't have as long a battery life as other options. They do come with great keyboards, cooled components, and are portable. If you're on a budget, you can find a gaming laptop for your needs as well!

If you have more to spend, a midrange option will come with better hardware overall. While they have better hardware, they still don't have as good of a display quality compared to the higher ends.

Work Laptops

Choose work laptops to complete different tasks in as little time as possible. Workstations are a great option since they'll offer you security, compatibility, and repairability. These laptops tend to be much more than the other options.

Workstation laptops tend to have better sound systems and displays since they're geared toward those who are creative.


Chromebooks are the best laptops for data and web apps that are saved in the cloud instead of on a storage device. These are popular options for both work and school.


You can use hybrid laptops as both a tablet or laptop. Since they have a touchscreen, you can use them in tablet mode. In order to form it into a tablet, you can fold them detachable or backward. Today, with rapid advancement in technology, you can go for buying the best portable touchscreen monitor from internationally acclaimed manufacturing brands like “Desklab” that  brings to you a whole new range of 4K portable monitors and ultralight flatscreen monitors that can be used in-sync with your laptop, Android phone or any other mobile devices. This acts as an extra monitor with brilliant colors, LED backlighting, stunning sound, and big flat screen.

How To Pick the Right Laptop

First, decide what you'll be using your laptop for. You'll also need to think about which type is best for you. If you'll want to use your laptop to game, you'll need to factor that in as well.

If you choose a basic laptop, it won't come with any special bells or whistles. Even if that's not the case, it still might be the right option for you.

Since they're less, they're a great option if you're on a budget or are a student. At the end of the day, it depends on your needs. While someone might tell you that one laptop is the best option, it might not be right for you.

Operating System

Next, you'll need to think about the operating system since it'll determine your overall experience. If you already have Apple devices, then you might want to stick with an Apple computer.

As far as the operating system, you have the macOS, Chrome OS, and Windows. The most popular option is Windows. Windows tends to cost less than Apple products too.

If you're looking for the option with the most games and apps available, then Windows might be the right option for you. You'll be able to access various libraries such as Origin, Steam, and other game stores.

The other great part is that Windows is easy to use, but some might tell you that macOS is easier. Since you can only find macOS on Apple devices, you'll find that it's less popular.

macOS tends to be a more user-friendly process than Windows. You can also use it with your other Apple products such as an iPad.


Some of the options of processors include AMD and Intel. If you're a regular user, then you can use the Microsoft Office Suite.

This also depends on your budget as well. If you choose a processor with more power, that'll mean less battery life. A gaming laptop is usually an i7 chip.

Graphics Cards

While all laptops have graphics cards, they're not all the same. You can play casual games and watch higher-quality movies on your computer with this. For video editing and heavier gaming, you'll want a separate graphics card.


When it comes to RAM, the more the better. RAM is short for random access memory.

This is what laptops use to hold data while the processor works. Everything should fit onto your RAM, if it doesn't, then you might have a problem. When you run out of room on your RAM, your laptop might need to be restarted and will freeze up.

Answering the Question To, How Do Laptops Work?

After exploring this guide, you should be able to answer the question, how do laptops work exactly? While there's a lot of information to dive into, it should make the challenge of finding the right laptop for your needs easier.

Would you like to read more informative tech content? We can help! Check out our other articles on our site today.

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