What You Should Know About the Internet of Things
The Internet of Things is the latest technological advancement when we talk about gadgets. It refers to the communication of devices that are now connected to the internet to collect and share data. With the use of microchips and sensors, anything is possible without any human intervention. It is one of the smartest and responsive innovations that merged both the physical and digital worlds. With the work of the connected devices, it is now possible to gather information, make an analysis, and generate an action to assist you with a specific task.
Let’s see how it becomes a hit in innovation.
How Did the Internet of Things Start?
During the early 1980s and 1990s, there were attempts to use sensors and add intelligence to some devices, but it did not progress immediately because of the bigger sizes of chips, so technology was not yet ready. Then in 1999, Kevin Ashton, a British technology pioneer, introduced the phrase Internet of Things. He co-founded the use of RFIDs, an auto-identification system using radio frequencies, microchips, sensors, and IP addresses. One of the very first applications was using RFID tags to expensive products to help track their location. Most of these devices using the Internet of Things were vastly used in businesses and manufacturing industries, as it reduces cost and it optimizes productivity.
What Are Examples of Internet of Things Device?
Any electronic device that can be connected and can be controlled or, that can communicate information through the internet can be an example of an IoT device. Here are some examples that you might have already seen or used:
- A house lighting system that is controlled with the help of Artificial Intelligence.
- The door lock system of a house that is controlled by a smartphone.
- A smart TV that allows video streaming when connected to the internet.
- A smartwatch that is used to monitor your daily workout achievements.
- A motion sensor to monitor parking spaces.
There are several applications for these devices, mostly used to automate those manual activities. It eliminates machine to human interaction because it has transitioned to a machine to machine communication.
How Does the Internet of Things Work?
The functionality of an Internet of Things device depends on two essential things:
- A device that is capable of connecting to the internet, whether wired or wireless.
- A device that is integrated with technology like built-in software, sensors, and also actuators.
And with a communication line, any device can work well using a gateway. The IoT gateway devices act as the central part of the system where information and message are being processed. Moreover, such devices can come as single or multiple channels. If you are in the United Kingdom one of the largest range of these communication devices is LoRaWAN gateways, these are several devices that support the Internet of Things communication lines. The market of such devices is seen to be expanding rapidly and it has been getting popular especially in households and businesses. No doubt, things become a lot easier to do now with the help of these devices.
What Are the Challenges Brought By This Technology?
For any system, people may experience the cons of using it. The Internet of Things is not an exemption to this, you may also face some challenges when it comes to security and privacy. Some devices may not also be compatible with region to region and it can become very complex in terms of structure.
What Are the Advantages of the Internet of Things?
People who are now using these devices enjoy the benefits of internet-driven technology. This has upgraded machine-to-machine communication, promoting less human intervention and in the interest of time, it reduces the time for people to perform a task that can already be done through this system. It also provides better automation, making it easy to operate and control. With the upgrade it has brought, the quality of life is also upgraded and it reduces on costs because it is low maintenance, it does not require labor force and it can be left as a stand-alone system.
The Internet of Things being introduced worldwide is now a hot topic in the technology industry. It has brought smart devices fabricated by people for the people. In this article, you have learned the usefulness of these devices, how they are operated through internet communication, and the pros and cons of using them. Indeed, technology is now making its way to make human tasks quick and easy, making a huge impact on the quality of life for mankind. The Internet of things can simply be defined then as a connection between humans, computers, and things.